The Bible makes it clear that there is one God only and none other but He. This one God is the Father:
Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him.
One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
1 Corinthians 8:6
But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.
Only the Father is described in the words “of whom are all things”. He is the great Source of all. There is only one ultimate Source of all things, not two or three. This one great Source is God the Father.
The Son of God is not another second source “of whom are all things”. This would make Him another God. He is rather described as the one “by whom are all things”. He is the channel through which all things come to creation. All things proceed from the Father through the Son.
Because Christ is the Son of God, He inherited all things from the Father. That includes the God-nature (divinity).
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
The Godhood and divinity of Christ is due to the fact that He is a begotten Son. This does not make Him a second God (another source). This maintains the truth that God the Father is the one Source of all things in the entire universe. Only this can harmonize the truth of two divine beings with one (not two) ultimate sources. If Christ was not the begotten Son of God then we would certainly have two gods.
Let us consider some facts from scriptures in regards to God and Jesus:
- The Father is God (1 Corinthians 8:6; Ephesians 4:6; John 17:3)
- Christ is God (Hebrews 1:8; John 1:1)
- The Father is the God of His Son (2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3; Hebrews 1:9; Psalms 45:7)
- Christ is never called the God of the Father
- God the Father does not have a God, He is the head of all (1 Corinthians 11:3; 1 Corinthians 3:23)
- Christ calls the Father “my God” (Matt 27:46; John 20:17; Revelation 3:12)
- The Father is called “the only true God”, “the Ancient of days” (John 17:3; Daniel 7:9, 13, 22)
- Christ is not referred to by this titles
- God the Father is the head of Christ (1 Corinthians 11:3)
- Christ is never called the head of the Father
- The Father is never subject to anyone
- Christ is going to be subject to the Father (1 Corinthians 15:28)
- God the Father is above all, including Christ (Ephesians 4:5, 6)
- Christ is not above the Father
- The Father is never called “the Son”
- The Son is never called “God the Father”
Although Christ is called God in the Bible, yet there is a clear distinction between the Father and the Son. This only serves as confirmation that the Father is the one great Source of all, and the Son is the channel through which all things flow. This in no way means that Christ is any less divine than His Father. He is just as divine for ‘by inheritance He [Christ] obtained a more excellent name than they’ being the Son of the only God, He inherited from His Father all the attributes of divinity, He was made equal to the Father. It pleased the Father that in him should all fullness of the Godhead dwell; (Colossians 1:19). Christ is fully divine; He is God essentially, and in the highest sense.